G2962 κύριος
God, eigenaar, meester, bezitter
Taal: Grieks

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kyrios̱, zn. mnl.; TDNT 3:1039,486


1) heerser over; 1a) personen, autoriteit hebben over (Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 878; Plato, Critias, 120d), machthebber van een staat/land (Plato, Republic, 565a); 1b) dingen (Plato, Crito, 50b); 1b1) tijd (Herodotus, Histories, 5.50), negende maand, de tijd van bevalling (Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 766); 2) heer, meester (Aristophanes, Knights, 965; LXX Gen. 18:3, 1 Sam. 25:24, MT אָדוֹן H113); 2a) (bewaker) v.e. vrouw (Isaeus, Philoctemon, 6.32; Isaeus, Menecles, 2.10); 2b) vr. meesteres (MT גְּבֶרֶת H1404; LXX Jes. 24:2); 3) goden, spec. die in het Midden-Oosten; 3a) Zeus "Ζεὺς ὁ πάντων κ." (Pindarus, Lyricus, I.5(4).53, 2.58); 4) God, JHWH (MT יְהֹוָה H3068; LXX Gen. 11:5; Jak. 1:7; 1 Petr. 3:12; etc.); 4a) Christus (1 Cor. 12:3; 2 Petr. 1:2, 8, 11, 14; Jud. 1:17, 21; etc.)


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κύριος, -α, -ον (also -ος, -ον), [in LXX (subst.) chiefly for יהוה H3069, also for אָדוֹן H113, בַּעַל H1167, etc.;] having power (κῦρος) or authority; as subst., ὁ κ., lord, master 1. in general: c. gen. rei, Mt 9:38 20:8, Mk 12:9 13:35, Lk 19:33; τ. σαββάτου, Mt 12:8, Mk 2:28, Lk 6:5; c. gen. pers., δούλου, etc., Mt 10:24, Lk 14:21, Ac 16:16, al.; absol., opp. to οἱ δοῦλοι, Eph 6:5, 9, al.; of the Emperor (Deiss., LAE, 161), Ac 25:26; θεοὶ πολλοὶ καὶ κ. πολλοί, I Co 8:5; of a husband, I Pe 3:6; in voc., as a title of respect to masters, teachers, magistrates, etc., Mt 13:27 16:22 27:63, Mk 7:28, Lk 5:12, Jo 4:11, Ac 9:5, al. 2. As a divine title (freq. in π.; Deiss., LAE (a) of God: ὁ κ., Mt 5:33, Mk 5:19, Lk 1:6, Ac 7:33, He 8:2, Ja 4:15, al.; anarth. (Bl., § 46, 6), Mt 21:9, Mk 13:20, Lk 1:17, He 7:21, I Pe 1:25, al.; κ. τ. οὐρανοῦ καὶ τ. γῆς, Mt 11:25; τ. κυριευόντων, I Ti 6:15; κ. ὁ θεός, Mt 4:7, 10 al.; id. seq. ὁ παντοκράτωρ, Re 4:8; κ. σαβαώθ, Ro 9:29; () ἄγγελος κυρίου, Mt 1:20 2:13, Lk 1:11, al.; πνεῦμα κυρίου, Lk 4:18, Ac 8:39; (b) of the Christ: Mt 21:3, Mk 11:3, Lk 1:43 20:44, al.; of Jesus after his resurrection (Dalman, Words, 330), Ac 10:36, Ro 14:8, I Co 7:22, Eph 4:5, al.; ὁ κ. μου, Jo 20:28; ὁ κ. Ἰησοῦς, Ac 1:21, I Co 11:23, al.; id. seq. Χριστός, Eph 1:2, al.; ὁ κ. ἡμῶν, I Ti 1:14, He 7:14, al.; id. seq. Ἰησοῦς, I Th 3:11, He 13:20, al.; Χριστός, Ro 16:18; Ἰ Χ., I Co 1:2, I Th 1:3, al.; Ἰ. Χ. (Χ. Ἰ) ὁ κ. (ἡμῶν), Ro 1:4, Col 2:6, Eph 3:11, al.; ὁ κ. καὶ ὁ σωτὴρ, II Pe 3:2; id. seq. Ἰ. Χ., II Pe 3:18; anarth., I Co 7:22, 25, Ja 5:4, al.; κ. κυρίων, Re 19:16; c. prep., ἀπὸ (κατὰ, πρὸς, σὺν, etc.) κ., Col 3:24, al.

SYN: v.s. δεσπότης.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κύριος ῡ, α, ον,
  also ος, ον Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 732, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 143, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1306b20 :—Thess. κῦρρος “IG” 9(2).517.20 (Larissa, 3rd c.BC): (κῦρος) (not in Homerus Epicus) :
__I of persons, having power or authority over, with genitive, Ζεὺς ὁ πάντων κ. Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 5(4).53, compare “P.” 2.58; ἐμῶν τε καὶ σῶν κ. πιστωμάτων Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 878 ; πρὶν ἄν σε κ. στήσω τέκνων put thee in possession of.., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1041; κύριοι πολιτείας Antipho Orator 3.1.1; κ. καταλύσεως Thucydides Historicus 4.20; εἰρήνης καὶ πολέμου Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.2.18; - ώτατοι τοῦ ἱεροῦ Thucydides Historicus 5.53 (but ὁ -ώτατος θεὸς τοῦ ἱεροῦ , of the god to whom a temple is dedicated, “OGI” 90.39 (Rosetta, 2nd c.BC)) ; τῶν αὑτοὺ κ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 929d, compare Isocrates Orator 19.34, etc. ; θανάτου κ. τινός with power of life and death over, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 120d; κ. περί τινος Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1286a24.
__I.2 κύριός εἰμι with infinitive, I have authority to do, am entitled to do, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 104 (Lyric poetry) ; οὗτος κ. ὁρκωμοτεῖν (probably to be read instead of -ῶν) Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1189; κ. ἀπολέσαι, σῶσαι δ᾽ ἄκυροι Andocides Orator 4.9, compare Thucydides Historicus 5.63, 8.5 ; -ώτεροι δοῦναι better able to give, prev. author 4.18; οὐ.. κ. οὔτε ἀνελέσθαι πόλεμον οὔτε καταλῦσαι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.7.27; δοῦλοι κ. μαστιγοῦν τοὺς ἐλευθέρους Ephorus Historicus 29 Josephus Historicus; αἱ ἀρχαὶ κ. κρίνειν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1287b16 ; also κ. τοῦ μὴ μεθυσθῆναι having power not to.., prev. author “EN” 1113b32 : with accusative et infinitive, κ. εἶναι ἢ τοίαν εἶναι πόλιν ἢ τοίαν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 429b.
__I.3 followed by a dependent clause, κ. γενέσθαι, ὅντινα δεῖ καταστήσασθαι Isaeus Orator 6.4.
__I.4 with participle, πριαμένους τι ἢ πωλοῦντας κυρίους εἶναι Thucydides Historicus 5.34; κ. ἦν πράσσων ταῦτα prev. author 8.51, compare Polybius Historicus 6.37.8, 18.37.10; κύριοι ἐόντω συλέοντες “Schwyzer” 337.13 (Delph.).
__I.5 absolutely, having authority, supreme, τί τῶνδε κυριωτέρους μένει; Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 965; - ώτερος σέθεν Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 505 ; ὁ πατὴρ μέχρι τούτου κ. ἐστι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1402a1 ; τὸ κ. the sovereign power in a state, prev. author “Pol.” 1281a11, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 565a, etc. ; τὰ κ. the supreme authorities, Demosthenes Orator 19.259, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1365b27; τὰ τῆσδε τῆς γῆς κ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 915 ; at Athens, κ. ἐκκλησία a sovereign or principal assembly, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 19, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 43.4, “IG” 12.42.22, al., 22.493.8, etc.; ἀγορὰ κ. prev. work1298.7.
__II of things, ὁ τῆς ὥρας τῆς καταρχῆς κ. ἀστήρ 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Serapio Astrologus in “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 1.99 : but usually absolutely, authoritative, decisive, δίκαι Euripides Tragicus “Heracl.” same place, Andocides Orator 1.88, Plato Philosophus “Crito” 50b ; μῦθος -ώτερος of more authority, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 318 (troch.) ; -ωτάτη τῶν ἐπιστημῶν ἡ πολιτική Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1282b15; αἱ -ώτεραι ἀρχαί prev. author “Cael.” 285a26, compare “Metaph.” 997a12; ἡ φρόνησις τῆς σοφίας κυριωτέρα prev. author “EN” 1143b34 ; -ωτέρα ἡ καθόλου ἀπόδειξις prev. author “APo.” 86a23; τάραχος ὁ -ώτατος Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.30U. ; of sovereign remedies, - ωτάτη τῶν καθάρσεων Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 230d; - ωτάτη κένωσις Galenus Medicus 1.299 ; important, principal, κ. δόξαι, of certain doctrines of Epicurus, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.86 W.; τὰ -ώτατα μέρη τῆς φύσεως Epicurus Philosophus “Sententiae” 9; - ώτερα μέρη τοῦ σώματος Philostratus Sophista “de gymnastica” 50 ; τὰ -ώτατα the principal organs, Galenus Medicus 1.385 (but, the most important matters, Epicurus Philosophus “Sententiae” 16); τὸ -ώτατον τῆς Ἐφέσου Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 1.22.4: Grammars, κ. τόνος principal accent, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus “Supp.” 674.32.
__II.2 opposed to ἄκυρος, valid, νόμος, δόγματα, Demosthenes Orator 24.1, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 926d ; κ. ποιεῖν τὴν γνῶσιν, opposed to ἄκυρον π., Demosthenes Orator 21.92, compare 39.15; τὰς συνθήκας κυρίας ποιεῖν Lysias Orator 18.15; ἡ συγγραφὴ ἥδε κ. ἔστω “PEleph.” 1.14 (4th c.BC) ; ἔστω τὰ κριθέντα κ. Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 21.94; so τὰς τῶν ἄλλων δόξας κ. ποιεῖν Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 179b.
__II.3 of times, etc., ordained, appointed, ἡ κυρίη ἡμέρη Herodotus Historicus 5.50, compare 93 (pl.); ἡ κ. τῶν ἡμερέων prev. author 1.48, 6.129; κ. ἐν ἡμέρᾳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 732; τόδε κ. ἦμαρ Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 105 (Lyric poetry) , etc.; κ. μήν, of a woman with child, i.e. the ninth month, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.32 ; ὅταν τὸ κ. μόλῃ φάος (probably) the appointed time, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 766 (Lyric poetry); κ. μένει τέλος prev. author “Eu.” 544 (Lyric poetry) ; ἡ κ. ἡμέρα Demosthenes Orator 21.84, cf. Test. prev. work 93; but αἱ κ. ἡμεραι, ={κριτικαί}, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ παθῶν” 9.
__II.4 legitimate, lawful, ὕπνος πόνος τε, κ. ξυνωμόται Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 127, compare 327 ; κύρι᾽ ἔχοντες having lawful power, prev. work 960 (Lyric poetry).
__II.5 ἡ κ. ἀρετή goodness proper, real goodness, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1144b4; φλοιὸς ὁ κ. Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 4.15.1 ; Rhet. and Grammars, κ. ὄνομα the real or actual, hence current, ordinary, name of a thing, opposed to μεταφορά, γλῶττα, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1404b6, 1410b12, “Po.” 1457b3, compare Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 21, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 10.13, etc. ; σπάνει κυρίου ὀνόματος for lack of a current term, Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 24 ; -ώτατα ὀνόματα most ordinary terms, prev. work 3 (hence also κ. ὄνομα proper, personal name, Polybius Historicus 6.46.10, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 10.11, al., Herodianus Grammaticus 7.5.8 ; ὄνομα alone in this sense, Diogenes Babylonius Stoicus 3.213) ; κ. λέξεις Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.181 Sophocles Tragicus ; κατὰ τὸν κ. τρόπον, opposed to καταχρωμένη, prev. work1.59 Sophocles Tragicus
__III adverb κυρίως, see entry
__B substantive κύριος, ὁ, lord, master, τοῖσι κ. δωμάτων Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 658, compare 689, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 734, etc. ; ὁ κ. alone, head of a family, master of a house (compare Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 965), Antipho Orator 2.4.7, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 6, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1269b10; τοὺς κ. τῶν οἰκιῶν “PTeb.” 5.147 (2nd c.BC) ; also, guardian of a woman, Isaeus Orator 6.32, “PGrenf.” 2.15 i 13 (2nd c.BC) , etc.: generally, guardian, trustee, Isaeus Orator 2.10, Demosthenes Orator 43.15, 46.19, Menander Comicus “Ἐπιτρέποντες” 89, etc.
__B.b later κύριε, as a form of respectful address, sir, NT.John.12.21, 20.15, NT.Act.16.30 (pl.), “PFay.” 106.15 (2nd c.AD), etc.
__B.2 feminine κυρία, ἡ, mistress, lady of the house, Philemo Comicus 223, LXX.Isa.24.2, etc.; κ. τῆς οἰκίας Menander Comicus 403 +4th c.BC+: in vocative, madam, Dio Cassius Historicus 48.44 ; applied to women from fourteen years upwards, Epictetus Philosophus “Enchiridion” 40 . (In later Gr. frequently written κύρα, “PGrenf.” 1.61.4 (6th c.AD), etc.)
__B.2.b epithet of Ἶσις, “OGI” 180 (Egypt, 1st c.BC), etc.
__B.3 of gods, especially in the East, Σεκνεβτῦνις ὁ κ. θεός “PTeb.” 284.6 (1st c.BC) ; Κρόνος κ. “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 4521 (Abila, 1st c.AD) ; Ζεὺς κ. “Supp.epigram” 2.830 (Damascus, 3rd c.AD) ; κ. Σάραπις “POxy.” 110.2 (2nd c.AD); ἡ κ. Ἄρτεμις “IG” 4.1124 (Tibur, 2nd c.AD) ; of deified rulers, τοῦ κ. βασιλέος θεοῦ “OGI” 86.8 (Egypt, 1st c.BC) ; οἱ κ. θεοὶ μέγιστοι, of Ptolemy XIV and Cleopatra, “Berl.Sitzb.” 1902.1096: hence, of rulers in general, βασιλεὺς Ἡρώδης κ. “OGI” 415 (Judaea, 1st c.BC) ; of Roman Emperors, “BGU” 1200.11 (from Augustus), “POxy.” 37 i 6 (from Claudius), etc.
__B.4 ὁ Κύριος, = Hebrew “Yahweh”, LXX.Gen.11.5, al.; of Christ, NT.1Cor.12.3, etc.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Κυρία G2959 "Kuria"; Grieks κυριακός G2960 "behorend aan de Heer, betrokken op de Heer"; Grieks κυριεύω G2961 "heer, heersen over, beheersen"; Grieks κυριότης G2963 "heerschappij, macht, gezag"; Grieks κυρόω G2964 "geldig maken, besluiten"; Grieks Τύραννος G5181 "Tyrannus"; Hebreeuws אָדוֹן H113 "vast, sterk, heer, meester"; Hebreeuws יְהֹוָה H3068 "JHWH, HEERE, God, Godsnaam";

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